By Eric Pulse
September 25, 2017
One tie that binds businesses across the board—public and private, industry and service—can be summed up in a phrase: “chronic shortage of cyber security professionals.” Numerous studies emphasize that claim, like a report by Cybersecurity Ventures that states there will be 3.5 million unfilled cyber security jobs by 2021, up from 1 million openings last year.
Another report from Frost & Sullivan and (ISC)2 found that the global cyber security workforce will have more than 1.5 million unfilled positions by 2020.
To make matters worse, a poll conducted by Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA) and the RSA Conference discovered that more than half of the global cyber security professionals polled reported that fewer than 25 percent of cyber security applicants are qualified to perform the skills needed for the job.
A recent survey by the SANS Institute showed that 66 percent of respondents cited skills shortage as an impediment to effective incident response and overall cyber security. Many security professionals maintain a general technical security skillset tasked with implementing reasonable practices and procedures driven by compliance. However, the rise in advanced threats and malware demonstrate the need for a more sophistically trained professional.
The law of supply and demand has driven up the cost of these resources and many organizations simply cannot afford them, if they are even available. Many of the clients I work with have opted to outsource security functions given the limited availability of these skillsets. Many security professionals have a general technical security skillset and are tasked with implementing reasonable practices and procedures driven by compliance. But the rise in advanced threats and malware demonstrate the need for a more sophistically trained professional.
The government has taken notice of this dilemma. Back in 2008, the Federal Chief Information Officers (CIO) Council recognized the impending problem. With the assistance of the National Institutes for Standards and Technology (NIST), this Council took the task of developing a framework to understand cyber security roles within the public, and subsequently, private sectors. The result of this effort was the development of the National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) Framework as NIST Special Publication 800-181, which “establishes taxonomy and common lexicon that is to be used to describe all cyber security work and workers irrespective of where or for whom the work is performed.”
The framework is directed at employers (to help assess their needs), workers (to identify skillsets needed in the workforce), training and certification providers (to target knowledge, skills and abilities needed for developing courses/certifications), education providers (to assist in developing curriculum), and technology providers (to identify cyber security roles and skillsets relative to the services and hardware/software products they supply).
The framework emphasizes seven categories (common cyber security functions), 33 specialty areas (distinctions), and 52 work roles (specific knowledge, skills, and abilities required to perform tasks in a work role). The seven core categories defined in the framework include:
These categories highlight the similarities to other information security-related frameworks (i.e. NIST SP 800-53, NIST Cybersecurity Framework, ISO 27001, SANS Top 20 Critical Controls, etc.) and emphasize best practices for information security, data protection, incident response and recovery.
Academia is continuing to add cyber security related courses and degree tracks. The results of increasing the number institutions providing cyber-related degrees is still delayed by two to four years. The workforce is only positively impacted if there are enough bodies to fill seats and the interest in a career in cyber is present.
Cyber security also has a gender problem: Only 11 percent of the world’s information security workforce are women, according to the Women’s Society of Cyberjutsu (WSC), a 501(c)3 nonprofit, focused on helping women enter, advance and succeed in the cyber security field. Primary education providers should focus on recruiting today’s youth into cyber security-related courses by placing an emphasis on it in today’s traditional STEM programs.
All of this leaves organizations competing for skilled professionals to fill much-needed cyber security roles. In many smaller communities, the commensurate skillset doesn’t exist.
Many of these organizations are turning to the “virtual” professional. Businesses like Eide Bailly are offering “virtual” access to existing cyber security professionals and services to fill the gap. For more information, check out our services.